The Law of Moses and the Law of Christ

NT PassageLaw of MosesLaw of Christ
Matthew 5:17Christ came to fulfill it.
Matthew 5:18It shall pass away when fulfilled by Christ.
Luke 24:44Jesus: “all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.”
Galatians 3:19The Law was a mediator between God and man because of sin until Christ came.There is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus who gave Himself as ransom for all. (I Timothy 2:5-6a)
Matthew 7:12Law’s basic requirement: treat others the way you want them to treat you.If . . . you are fulfilling the royal law, according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself (Lev 19:18),” you are doing well. (James 2:8)
Matthew 22:36-40The whole Law depends on 2 command- ments: You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind and You shall love your neighbor as yourself.Love does no wrong to a neighbor; love therefore is the fulfillment of the law. (Romans 13:10).
For the whole 
Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Galatians 5:14)
Matthew 23:23The often neglected “weightier provisions” of the Lawjustice and mercy and faithfulnessSo speak and so act, as those who are to be judged by the law of liberty. For judgment will be merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment. (James 2:12-13)
John 1:17For the Law was given through Moses;Grace and faith were realized through Jesus Christ.
John 7:19Jesus to Jewish leaders: ”Did not Moses give you the Law, and yet none of you carries out the Law?”But to this day whenever Moses is read, a veil lies over their heart; but whenever a man turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. (2 Corinthians 3:15-16)
John 8:3-11Why did Jesus not stone the woman caught in the act of adultery since the Law of Moses commanded such judgment and condemnation?Jesus: “You people judge according to the flesh . . . My judgment is true” (John 8:15- 16) . . . mercy triumphs over judgment (James 2:13b; cf. Mark 3:1-5)
Acts 13:39Can you be freed from all things through the Law of Moses? No.Paul: through Him [Christ] everyone who believes is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses.
Romans 10:5; James 2:10; Galatians 3:10; 5:3For Moses writes that the man who practices the righteousness which is based on the Law shall live by that righteousness . . . For whoever keeps the whole Law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all . . . . ‘Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law to perform them.’ . . . every man who receives circumcision . . . is under obligation to keep the whole Law.But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the law of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man will be blessed in what he does. (James 1:25)
Jesus: “If you know these things, you are blessed if you do them.” (John 13:17) “for apart from Me you can do nothing.” (John 15:5b)
Acts 18:13 & 21:28Paul was accused by the Jews in Achaia of persuading men to worship God contrary to the Lawand by the Jews in Asia as preaching to all men everywhere against our people, and the Law.Paul admitted before Governor Felix in
believing everything that is in accordance with the Law (Acts 24:14), yet he also perceived himself as not being myself under the Law. (I Corinthians 9:20)
Acts 28:23Whenever Paul witnessed to Jews, he always tried to persuade them concerning Jesus, from both the Law of Moses and from the Prophets.However, he also noted that those who sin, with or without the Law, will perish in the same way. For there is no partiality with God. (Romans 2:12 & 11)
Romans 3:19-20 & Galatians 2:16Whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law . . . for thru the Law comes knowledge of sin. Yet, by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight . . . a man is not justified by works of the Law.For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. (Romans 3:28) Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. (Romans 3:27)
Romans 3:21The Law and the Prophets witnessed the righteousness of God, but His righteousness was manifested apart from the Law.The ministry of Moses (the old covenant) was a ministry of condemnation and death which abounded in glory that fades away. But the ministry of the Spirit (the new covenant) is a ministry of righteousness which abounds in even more glory and remains in surpassing glory. (2 Cor 3:6-12)
Romans 3:31Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.Why the Law then? . . . the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, that we may be justified by faith. (Galatians 3:19a & 24)
Romans 4:13The promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Romans 4:14For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified.For if the inheritance is based on the Law, it is no longer based on a promise; but God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise. (Galatians 3:18)
Romans 5:20 The Law came in that the transgression might increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more.For sin shall not be master over you, for you [believers in Christare not under the Law, but under grace. (Romans 6:14)
Romans 7:5For while we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were aroused by the Law, were at work in the members of our body to bear fruit for death.Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ that you might be joined to Christ and bear fruit for God. (Rom 7:4)
Romans 7:6But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit & not in oldness of the letter.
Romans 8:1There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
Romans 8:2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the Law of sin and of death.
Romans 8:3For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh,God did: sending His own Son in the like- ness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh,
Romans 8:4In order that the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
Galatians 2:21If righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly.
Romans 9:31But Israel, pursuing a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law.Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith (Romans 9:32), for God’s righteous- ness has been manifested apart from the Law [of Moses](Romans 3:21a)
Romans 10:4For Christ is the end of the Law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
1 Corinthians 9:21Paul claimed that he was not without the law of God but under the law of Christ.
Ephesians 2:14-15For He Himself [Christis our peace . . . by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments . . . thus establishing peace [between Jew & Gentile].
Galatians 3:21 & 23If a law had been given which was able to impart life, then righteousness would indeed have been based on the Law [of Moses]. . . . But . . . we were kept in custody under the Law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed.Paul: For through the Law I died to the Law, that I might live to God. (Gal 2:19) that I may gain Christ, and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith. (Philippians 3:9)
Galatians 3:2 & 5Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith? . . . Does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by works of the Law, or by hearing w/faith?
Galatians 3:12-13The Law is not of faith.Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us.
Galatians 5:18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.
1 Timothy 1:9The Law is not made for a righteous man, but for those who are lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane.
Hebrews 7:11-12 & 16Now if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the people received the Law), what further need was there for another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek…?For when the priesthood is changed of necessity there takes place a change of law also…[Christ] has become such not on the basis of a law of physical requirement, but according to the power of an indestructible life.
Hebrews 7:19(For the Law made nothing perfect), and on the other handThere is a bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God.
Hebrews 7:28For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak,The word…which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.
Hebrews 10::1, 9, 14For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never by the same sacrifices year by year,…make perfect those who draw near.He takes away the first [Law of Moses – the old covenant] to establish the second [law of Christ – the new covenant]…For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.
Hebrews 10:18Now where there is forgiveness…there is no longer any offering for sin [no need for a Levitical priesthood to administer the Law of Moses since it was fulfilled by Jesus and replaced by the law of Christ].


New Testament Passages Concerning the Law of Moses and the Law of Christ © 2008 WordTruth, Inc—
Verses from The New American Standard Bible NASB (NAS[1977] and NAU[1995]), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.